to provide background in: Biological control of insects and mites (Methods and Types) · Conservation biological control Commercially available biological control agents of arthropod crop pests Arthropod pest control methods for organic and IPM production systems to provide experience in: Biological control in greenhouse and field crops Types of biological control agents (predators, parasitoids, pathogens) Strategies of biological control (Augmentation biological control, Conservation biological control etc.)
Zoology, Entomology, Ecology
Understanding: the concept of biological control the difference between Natural Control and Biological Control the ecological approach to pest control that is not dependent on the use of chemicals the limitations and benefits of biological control of crop pests the concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and of Bio-Intensive IPM the strategies of Biological control (Classical Biological Control, Augmentation, Conservation and Neoclassical Biological Control) Students will be able to: identify the major groups of predators and parasitoids used in biological control Students will learn: the recent advances in augmentation and conservation biological control how to combine the different available tools and pest control methods in IPM
Insect Management Introduction: Pests, Crop Protection & Pest Control, Needs for Crop Protection, Methods, Strategies of Crop Protection & Pest Control. General Introduction to Biological Control (BC): Definition, Differences between natural control and biological control, History, Ecological approach and Principles of biological control. Major Groups of BC Agents: Predators and Parasitoids, Basic elements of their nutritional ecology and ethology. BC Strategies: Classical BC, Augmentation (Inoculation, Inundation) and Conservation. BC in Practice: BC using entomophagous insects (predators, parasitoids) and mites, entomopathogenic microorganisms to control pests. Emphasis will be given on how BC is implemented today, with some examples of commercially available biological control agents for greenhouse vegetables, arable crops and fruit trees. Successful Cases of BC in certain selected crops: vegetables, grapevine, orchards. Pest Control Options in Organic Agriculture other than BC: trap crops, push – pull strategy, mating disruption. General Introduction to the Integrated Pest Management: Introduction: Ecological aspects, Economic aspects, Environmental and Social aspects of IPM. Food Safety in an IPM system, Elements of an efficient IPM program, ΙΡΜ and Bio Intensive IPM
Courses will be taught in the form of lectures (through the help of Powerpoint presentations) and their sequence will be as described before (in syllabus structure) so that the students will get gradually familiar with the concepts and then with the methodologies and applications of biological control in nature.
Assessment of students will be performed through written examinations (100 credits).